Common diseases

10 Common diseases to be aware of

We promised to write about common diseases

Anyone who had read our first post about the essential content of your home medical equipment is probably waiting for the recommendations of medicines and drugs that we can have at home and use for the most common diseases. We already introduce some of those products while writing about assemble a first aid kit, but we promise it and here you have the post about common illnesses.

Let’s take a look on Google about common diseases

I know, easy way to start a post about anything, but nowadays the internet has too much information and the Google robots do part of the research job for us in seconds, showing what people check when conducting the same or similar search that we are doing.
Obviously, the first results we get don’t satisfies us, because similar search doesn’t mean same results and we found interesting to know which are the most deadly diseases or the top 10 causes of death in the world those are not exactly the common illnesses that we see daily around us between family and friends. Some of them yes, but others not.
So, looks like our research won’t be that easy.

The hard work of make a useful list

Then, we have to expend (as usual) more time checking the results to try to elaborate a list with the common diseases that we have around while seating at home somewhere in the United States or the United Kingdom, for example.
After a couple of hours nothing satisfied our curiosity and we realized that write a new one is the best thing we can do.
First of all, our list it’s not a result of a statistic study that provide us with the name of some diseases ordered from more to less common. Sorry about that, but we hope that the information of this post will still be useful for some of our readers.

The list

Again, forget about the order and just extract the information that can be interesting for you.

  • Common Cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract which primarily affects the nose. Signs and symptoms include coughing, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, and fever which usually resolve in seven to ten days, with some symptoms lasting up to three weeks. Well over 200 virus strains are implicated in the cause of the common cold; the rhinoviruses are the most common. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases reports that people in the United States suffer about 1 billion colds each year.
  • Periodontal Disease or gum disease, affects about 80 percent of adults in the United States, as reported by Medline Plus, a publication of the National Institutes of Health. Gingivitis, a common gum disease, causes the gums to bleed easily and become red and swollen. Infection sets in with gingivitis, if left untreated.
  • Diarrhea is a common health disease with symptoms of loose, watery stools and cramping. The most common cause is an infection of the intestines due to either a virus, bacteria, or parasite; a condition known as gastroenteritis. These infections are often acquired from food or water that has been contaminated by stool, or directly from another person who is infected. The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse reports the average adult in the United States will experience acute diarrhea about four times a year.
  • Strep throat, caused by the bacteria group A streptococcus, manifests with symptoms of fever, swollen tonsils and stomach pain. KidsHealth reports strep throat spreads easily by coughing and sneezing, and is common among children and teens.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are among the most common infectious diseases in the world. The University of Maryland Medical Center reports that there are more than 20 types of STDs affecting over 13 million men and women in the United States every year. The most common STDs include gonorrhea, Chlamydia, syphilis and genital herpes.
  • Gastro esophageal reflux disease is a chronic symptom of mucosa damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus. It is usually caused by changes in the barrier between the stomach and the esophagus, including abnormal relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, which normally holds the top of the stomach closed, impaired expulsion of gastric reflux from the esophagus, or a hiatal hernia. These changes may be permanent or temporary. In the Western world between 10 and 20% of the population is affected.
  • Allergy is a hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system. Symptoms include red eyes, itchiness, and runny nose, eczema, hives, or an asthma attack. Allergies can play a major role in conditions such as asthma. In some people, severe allergies to environmental or dietary allergens or to medication may result in life-threatening reactions called anaphylaxis. Food allergies and reactions to the venom of stinging insects such as wasps and bees are more often associated with these severe reactions. Not all reactions or intolerances are forms of allergy.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), also known as chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), and chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD), among others, is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by chronically poor airflow. It typically worsens over time. The main symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, and sputum production. Most people with chronic bronchitis have COPD. Tobacco smoking is the most common cause of COPD, with a number of other factors such as air pollution and genetics playing a smaller role. In the developing world, one of the common sources of air pollution is from poorly vented cooking and heating fires.
  • Influenza, commonly known as “the flu“, is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus. Symptoms can be mild to severe. The most common symptoms include: a high fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, and feeling tired. These symptoms typically begin two days after exposure to the virus and most last less than a week. The cough, however, may last for more than two weeks. In children there may be nausea and vomiting but these are not common in adults. Nausea and vomiting occur more commonly in the unrelated infection gastroenteritis, which is sometimes inaccurately referred to as “stomach flu” or “24-hour flu”.
  • A headache is pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. It can be a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and neck. Headaches can result from a wide range of causes both benign and more serious. Brain tissue itself is not sensitive to pain as it lacks pain receptors. Rather, the pain is caused by disturbance of the pain-sensitive structures around the brain. Nine areas of the head and neck have these pain-sensitive structures, which are the cranium (the periosteum of the skull), muscles, nerves, arteries and veins, subcutaneous tissues, eyes, ears, sinuses and mucous membranes.

Finally, I know that we are missing something. We promise to write about drugs and medicines but this post is already too long and we just decide to write a post for each disease in the future. Sign up and you’ll receive them on your email. Meanwhile, here you have a couple of book recommendations:

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