Childhood diseases

10 Common childhood diseases

My kid looks like a magnet that attracts all the diseases

As a father, one of the biggest lessons I have learned is that we can try our best but our kids will get sick quite often, especially during the first two or three years of their life. Why it happens? Well, basically because our child is just building their own immunological system and the usual way to do it is get in contact with the illnesses. It is what we try to do with the vaccination against some diseases and with others the only way is getting sick.

What can we do?

It isn’t easy to assume that our kids will get sick and we can’t do almost nothing to prevent it. However, we must learn about those common diseases, their symptoms and how to handle with them.
Read is always a good starting point and get a manual about childhood diseases highly recommendable. There are lots of books about the subject and you can find it easily online in webs like Amazon. A couple of books that we like are:

A Simple Guide to Childhood Infectious Diseases (A Simple Guide to Medical Conditions)

Childhood Diseases and Disorders Sourcebook (Health Reference Series)

Which are those common childhood diseases?

After the experience writing the post 10 common diseases to be aware of, again we have spent some time checking the results of a Google search to try to elaborate a list and nothing satisfied our curiosity and we realized that write a new one is the best thing we can do.
First of all, our list it’s not a result of a statistic study that provides us with the name of some diseases ordered from more to less common. Sorry about that, but we hope that the information of this post will still be useful for some of our readers.

The list

  • Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease. The disease results in a characteristic skin rash that forms small, itchy blisters, which eventually scab over. It usually starts on the face, chest, and back and then spreads to the rest of the body. Other symptoms may include fever, feeling tired, and headaches. Symptoms usually last five to ten days. This is a contagious disease most common between the ages of 2 and 4.
  • Common Cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract which primarily affects the nose. Signs and symptoms include coughing, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, and fever which usually resolve in seven to ten days, with some symptoms lasting up to three weeks. Well over 200 virus strains are implicated in the cause of the common cold; the rhinoviruses are the most common. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases reports that people in the United States suffer about 1 billion colds each year.
  • Fifth disease is also referred to as slapped cheek syndrome, slap cheek, slap face or slapped face. Fifth disease starts with a low-grade fever, headache, rash, and cold-like symptoms, such as a runny or stuffy nose. These symptoms pass and a few days later the rash appears. The bright red rash most commonly appears in the face, particularly the cheeks, however occasionally will extend over the bridge of the nose or around the mouth. In addition to red cheeks, children often develop a red, lacy rash on the rest of the body, with the upper arms, torso, and legs being the most common locations. The rash typically lasts a couple of days and may itch. Patients are usually no longer infectious once the rash has appeared.
  • Food poisoning is a form of gastroenteritis caused by a bacterial contaminated food. E Coli is the most common food poisoning in babies. Salmonella and staphylococci are also common. The term food poisoning is also used if a child eats any chemical, insecticides or certain plants. Symptoms from food poisoning will occur quickly and usually vomiting and nausea will result. There may also be stomach cramps, diarrhea, temperature and possible weakness and chills.
  • Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common human syndrome caused by highly contagious intestinal viruses typically characterized by a mild fever followed by a rash of flat discolored spots and bumps that may blister, involving the skin of the hands, feet, oral cavity, and occasionally buttocks and genitalia. The virus pops up mainly during the summer and fall and is highly contagious, passing from kid to kid through touch, coughs, sneezes, and fecal matter. The sores are often accompanied by red blisters on the hands and soles of the feet that last seven to ten days.
  • Influenza, commonly known as “the flu“, is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus. Symptoms can be mild to severe. The most common symptoms include: a high fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, and feeling tired. These symptoms typically begin two days after exposure to the virus and most last less than a week. The cough, however, may last for more than two weeks. In children there may be nausea and vomiting but these are not common in adults. Nausea and vomiting occur more commonly in the unrelated infection gastroenteritis, which is sometimes inaccurately referred to as “stomach flu” or “24-hour flu”.
  • Measles is a highly contagious infection caused by the measles virus. Initial signs and symptoms typically include fever, often greater than 40 °C (104.0 °F), cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Two or three days after the start of symptoms small white spots may form inside the mouth. A red, flat rash which usually starts on the face and then spreads to the rest of the body typically begins three to five days after the start of symptoms. Symptoms usually develop 10–12 days after exposure to an infected person and last 7–10 days. Complications occur in about 30% and may include diarrhea, blindness, inflammation of the brain, and pneumonia among others. Measles is an airborne disease which spreads easily through the coughs and sneezes of those infected. It may also be spread through contact with saliva or nasal secretions.
  • Mumps initial signs and symptoms often include fever, muscle pain, headache, and feeling tired. This is then usually followed by painful swelling of one or both parotid glands. Symptoms typically occur 16 to 18 days after exposure and resolve after 7 to 10 days. About a third of people have mild or no symptoms. Complications may include infections of the coverings of the brain (15%), pancreatitis (4%), permanent deafness, and painful testicular swelling which uncommonly results in infertility. Mumps is highly contagious and spreads rapidly among people living in close quarters. The virus is transmitted by respiratory droplets or direct contact with an infected person. Only humans get and spread the disease and after an infection a person is typically immune for life.
  • Roseola is a disease of children, generally less than two years old, although it has been known to occur in eighteen-year-old, whose manifestation. Typically the disease begins with a sudden high fever (39–40 °C; 102.2-104 °F). This can cause, in rare cases, febrile convulsions due to the sudden rise in body temperature, but in many cases the child appears normal. After a few days the fever subsides, and just as the child appears to be recovering, a red rash appears. This usually begins on the trunk, spreading to the legs and neck. The rash is not itchy and may last 1 to 2 days are usually limited to a transient rash that occurs following a fever of about three days’ duration.
  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) affects the lungs. In most cases, the symptoms are relatively minor and mirror those of a cold. But for preemies and children who have a compromised immune system, a congenital heart condition, or chronic lung disease, it can become serious in a hurry, causing either bronchiolitis (an infection of the small airways in the lungs) or pneumonia. About 150,000 children a year are hospitalized due to RSV, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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